The Vision – Allama Iqbal
Sir Muhammad Iqbal (Urdu: محمد اقبال ) (November 9, 1877 – April 21, 1938), widely knownas Allama Iqbal (علامہ اقبال), was a poet, philosopher, and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholar in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired thePakistan Movement. He is called the "Spiritual founder of Pakistan". He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both the Urdu andPersian languages.Iqbal is regarded as the person who envisioned the separate Muslim State of Pakistan.
Iqbal remained active in the Muslim League. He did not support Indian involvement in World War I and remained in close touch with Muslim political leaders such as Mohammad Ali Jouhar and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He was a critic of the mainstream Indian National Congress, which he regarded as dominated by Hindus. Iqbal firmly believed that Jinnah was the only leader capable of drawing Indian Muslims.During the League's December 1930 session, he delivered his most famous presidential speech known as the Allahabad Address in which he pushed for the creation of a Muslim state in Northwest India.
Independence – Creation of Pakistan
As British rule there drew to an end, many Muslims demanded, in the name of Islam, the creation of a separate Pakistan state. Its emergence in August 1947 remains one of the major political achievements of modern Muslim history. It resulted mainly from the efforts of one man,Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
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