"Yes, I am Karachi-born, and it was on the sands of Karachi that I played marbles in my boyhood. I was schooled at Karachi", proudly declared the Quaid-i-Azam.

Speech at a Dinner Party given by the late Mr. Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah at the Karachi Club
on 9th August, 1947

The first and the foremost thing that I would like to emphasize is this --remember that you are now a Sovereign Legislative body and you have got all the powers. It, therefore, places on you the gravest responsibility as to how you should take your decisions.

One of the biggest curses from which India is suffering --I do not say that other countries are free from it, but, I think, our condition is much worse --is bribery and corruption. That really is a poison. We must put that down with an iron hand and I hope that you will take adequate measures as soon as it is possible for this Assembly to do so.

Here again it is a legacy which has been passed on to us. Along with many other things, good and bad, has arrived this great evil --the evil of nepotism and jobbery. This evil must be crushed relentlessly. I want to make it quite clear that I shall never tolerate any kind of jobbery, nepotism or any influence directly or indirectly brought to bear upon me. Wherever I will find that such a practice is in vogue, or is continuing anywhere, low or high, I shall certainly not countenance it.

You are free; you are free to go to your temples. You are free to go to your mosques or to any other places of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any region or caste or creed --that has nothing to do with the business of the State.

We are starting with this fundamental principle that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one State.

Now, I think we should keep that in front of us as our ideal and you will find that in course of time Hindus would cease to be Hindus and Muslims would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense, because that is the personal faith of each individual but in the political sense as citizens of the state.

My guiding principle will be justice and complete impartiality, and I am sure that with your support and co-operation, I can look forward to Pakistan becoming one of the greatest Nations of the world.

Presidential Address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan
on 11th August, 1947

There lies in front of us a new chapter and it will be our endeavor to create and maintain goodwill and friendship with Britain and our neighboring dominion Hindustan along with other sister nations so that we all together may make our greatest contribution for the peace and prosperity of the world.

Speech at the Banquet held in Honor of Lord Mountbatten at governor-general's House, Karachi
on 13th August 1947

The tolerance and goodwill that great Emperor Akbar showed to all the non-Muslim is not of recent origin. It dates back thirteen centuries ago when our Prophet not only by words but by deeds treated the Jews and Christians, after he had conquered them, with the utmost tolerance and regard and respect for their faith and beliefs.

Speech on the Inauguration of the Pakistan Constituent Assembly
on 14th August, 1947

No doubt we have achieved Pakistan, but that is only yet the beginning of an end. Great responsibilities have come to us, and equally great should be our determination and endeavor to discharge them.

Let us not, on this occasion, forget those of our brethren and sisters who have sacrificed their all, so that Pakistan may be established and we may live. We fervently pray that their souls may rest in peace and we shall never forget the memory of those who are no more and those who have suffered.

Those of our brethren who are minorities in Hindustan may rest assured that we shall never neglect or forget them.

Eid Message to the Nation
on 18th August, 1947

For all freedom - loving people, Karachi will on that account not only be symbol of special significance but will occupy a place in history for which there is no parallel.

It should be our aim not only to remove want and fear of all types, but also to secure liberty, fraternity and equality as enjoined upon us by Islam.

They will all live here together like true citizens and devote their energies to and avail themselves of the great opportunities that present themselves to us all to build up and reconstruct Pakistan in a manner which will command the respect of sister nations and find a place of honor along with great nations of the world as an equal.

Reply to the Civic Address presented by the Karachi Corporation
on 25th August, 1947

By industrializing our State, we shall decrease our dependence on the outside world for necessities of life; we will give more employment to our people and will also increase the resources of the State.

Nature has blessed us with good many raw materials of industry and it is up to us to utilize them to the best of the State and its people.

For no industry can thrive without contented labor.

Speech on the occasion of laying the Foundation-Stone of the building of the Valika Textile Mills Ltd.
on 26th September, 1947

The idea was that we should have a State in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play.

But are all these sacrifices, which we have been called upon to make to be in vain? Are we going to sit down and mope over our losses? If we do so, we shall be behaving just as our enemies want us to behave. We shall be playing their game and will soon be suppliants for their mercy. The fitting response to the machinations of our enemies would be a grim determination to get down to the task of building our State on strong and firm foundations, a State which should be fit for our children to live in.

This requires work, work and more work.

God has given us a grand opportunity to show our worth as architects of a new State; let it not be said that we did not prove equal to the task.

I have repeatedly made it clear in my utterances, both private and public, that we would treat the minorities fairly and that nothing is farther from our thoughts than to drive them away.

My advice to my Muslim brethren in India is to give unflinching loyalty to the State in which they happen to be. At the same time, they should reorganize themselves and create the right leadership, which should give them the correct lead in these perilous times.

As regard the Government of Pakistan, I again reiterate with all the emphasis at my command that we shall pursue our settled policy in this respect and we shall continue to protect the life and property of minorities in Pakistan and shall give them a fair deal.

Address to Civil, Naval, Military and Air Force Officers of Pakistan Government at Kahliqdina Hall, Karachi
on October 11, 1947

God often tests and tries those whom he loves.

I am sure, if we show the same spirit of sacrifice as was shown by Ibrahim, God would rend the clouds and shower on us His blessing as He did on Ibrahim.

Let us, therefore, on the day of Eid-ul-Azha which symbolizes the spirit of sacrifice enjoined by Islam, resolve that we shall not be deterred from our objective of creating a State of our own concept by any amount of sacrifice, trials or tribulations which may lie ahead of us and that we shall bend all our energies and resources to achieve our goal.

We shall emerge triumphant and strong from the dark night of suffering and show the world that the State exists not for life but for good life.

The greater the sacrifices are made the purer and more chastened shall we emerge like gold from fire

Eid-ul-Azha Message to the Nation, on 24th October, 1947

We have, undoubtedly, achieved Pakistan and that too without bloody war and practically peacefully by moral and intellectual force and with the power of pen which is no less mighty than the sword and so our righteous cause has triumphed.

It is in your hands; we have undoubtedly talents; Pakistan is blessed with enormous resources and potentialities;Providence has endowed us with all the wealth of nature and now it lies with man to make best of it.

Create enthusiasm and spirit and go forward with your task, with courage and hope and we shall do it.

So march on notwithstanding obstruction, obstacles and interference; and I feel confident that a united nation of 70 million people with a grim determination and with a great civilization and history need fear nothing.

It is now up to you to work, work and more work; and we are bound to succeed.

And never forget our motto: Unity, Discipline and Faith".

Broadcast Speech from the Pakistan Radio, Lahore
on 30th October, 1947

If we are to make any real, speedy and substantial progress, we must earnestly tackle this question and bring our educational policy and program on the lines suited to the genius of our people, consonant with our history and culture, and having regard to the modern conditions and vast developments that have taken place all over the world.

Education does not merely mean academic education, and even that appears to be of a very poor type. What we have to do is to mobilize our people and build up the character of our future generations.

There is immediate and urgent need for training our people in the scientific and technical education in order to build up future economic life, and we should see that our people undertake scientific commerce, trade and particularly, well-planned industries

But do not forget that we have to compete with the world, which is moving very fast in this direction. Also I must emphasize that greater attention should be paid to technical and vocational education.

We have to build up the character of our future generations which means highest sense of honor, integrity, selfless service to the nation, and sense of responsibility.

Message to The All-Pakistan Educational Conference, held in Karachi
on 27th November, 1947

The Government and the people of Pakistan entertain nothing but feelings of warmest friendship towards the Muslim Kingdom of Afghanistan which is our closest neighbor and with whom for many centuries and for many generations the people of Pakistan have had countless religious, cultural and social ties.

It is doubtless known to Your Excellency that the people of Pakistan have always admired the spirit of independence of the Afghan nation and its great strength of character.

Reply to the Speech made by SardarNajibullah Khan, Special Representative of H.M. the King of Afghanistan in Pakistan at the time of Presenting Credentials to the Quaid-i-Azam
on 3rd December, 1947

If we are to build a safer, cleaner and happier world let us start with the individual --catch him young and inculcate in him the scout's motto of service before self and purity in thought, word and deed.

If our young people learn to befriend all, to help other people at all times, subordinate personal interest to the welfare of others, eschew violence of thought, word and action. I am sanguine that the attainment of universal brotherhood is possible and within our reach.

Message to the Pakistan Scouts
on 22nd December, 1947

Pakistan must be governed through the properly constituted Government, and not by cliques, or fifth-columnists or a mob.

Message sent to the Refugees on the occasion of tour of the not affected areas in Karachi
on 9th January, 1948

I hope that these two lands, both ancient in history but both on the road to a new and high destiny, will strive with-energy to establish a lasting era of progress and peace.

Reply to the Speech made by the Burmese Ambassador in Pakistan at the time of presenting Credentials to the Quaid-i-Azam
on 21st January, 1948

Pakistan which has been recently admitted to the United Nations Organization will do everything in its power to strengthen the Organization and help it in the achievement of the ideals which have been set up as its goal.

The primary responsibility for the defense of our country will rest with us and Pakistan must be prepared for all eventualities and dangers.

The weak and the defenseless, in this imperfect world, invite aggression from others. The best way in which we can serve the cause of peace is by removing temptation from the path of those who think that we are weak, and therefore, they can bully or attack us.

That temptation can only be removed if we make ourselves so strong that nobody dare entertain any aggressive designs against us.

Every one of you has an important role to play in strengthening the defense of the country and your watchwords should be faith, discipline and self-sacrifice.

You will have to make up for the smallness of your size by your courage and selfless devotion to duty for it is not life that matters but the courage, fortitude and determination you bring to it.

I trust that, by your behavior and deportment you will never let Pakistan down, but would keep up the best traditions of the service and maintain high the honor and prestige of Pakistan as one of the greatest nations of the world.

Address to the Establishment of H.M.P.S. "Dilawar"
on 23rd January,

Every new mill or factory means a step forward on the road to the economic stabilization of our country and the prosperity of its people.

Speech on the Opening Ceremony of the Bengal Oil Mills
on 2nd February, 1948’’

Pakistan has the warmest goodwill towards Ceylon, and I am sanguine that the good feeling which exist between our two people will be further strengthened as the years roll by and our common interests, and mutual and reciprocal handling of them, will bring us into still closer friendship.

Message on the attainment of Dominion Status by Ceylon recorded
on 4th February, 1948

As you all know, my personal connection with Baluchistan extends over a long period. I can now look back with satisfaction to the days when the people of this Province fought shoulder to shoulder with me in our struggle for freedom.

You have contributed in no smaller measure than your brethren of other province of Pakistan towards the achievement of our goal have.

From what I have stated, you will see that I am only trying to make a beginning in giving the people of Baluchistan their due share in the administration and I am affording to them the opportunities to play full part in the shaping of their future administration and advancing the welfare of the people generally.

Here you will have in fact, a governor-general's Province and you will become my special responsibility and care.

I have had one underlying principle in mind, the principle of Muslim democracy. It is my belief that our salvation lies in following the golden rules of conduct set for us by our great lawgiver, the Prophet of Islam. Let us lay the foundation of our democracy on the basis of truly Islamic ideals and principles. Our Almighty has taught us that "our decisions in the affairs of the State shall be guided by discussions and consultations.

I wish you my brethren of Baluchistan, God speed and all success in the opening of this new era. May your future be as bright as I have always prayed for and wished it to be. May you all prosper.

Speech at Sibi Durbar
on 14th February, 1948

The great majority of us are Muslims. We follow the teachings of the Prophet Mohammed (may peace be upon him). We are members of the brotherhood of Islam in which all are equal in rights, dignity and self-respect. Consequently, we have a special and a very deep sense of unity. But make no mistake: Pakistan is not a theocracy or anything like it.

Islam demands from us the tolerance of other creeds and we are themselves willing and ready to play their part and loyal citizens of Pakistan.

We have no aggressive designs upon our neighbors. We wish to live in peace and friendship, and to work out our destiny quietly in our own way and make our rightful contribution in the affairs of the world.

Pakistan is, in fact, a very important addition to the long line of Muslim countries through which your communications pass to the Mediterranean and to Europe.

It has been suggested to me that in conclusion I should send a greeting to the people of Australia. I do so gladly; and I can think of no better greeting than one which is traditional amongst us; "Assalam-o-Alaikum" which is, "may peace be on you".

Broadcast talk to the people of Australia recorded
on 19th February, 1948

Nature's inexorable law is 'the survival of the fittest' and we have to prove ourselves fit for our newly won freedom.

Now you have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of Islamic democracy, Islamic social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil.

You will have to be alert, very alert, for the time for relaxation is not yet there. With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve.

In this machine age when the misdirected genius of man forges new engines of destruction every day, you have to keep abreast of the times and keep your knowledge and equipment up-to-date not because we have any evil designs against any of our neighbors but because our own security demands that we should not be caught unaware.

Address to the officers and men of the 5th Heavy AckAck and 6th Light AckAck Regiments in Malir,
on 21st February, 1948

I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in actual life as they were 1,300 years ago.

Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man, justice and fair play to everybody. We are the inheritors of these glorious traditions and are fully alive to our responsibilities and obligations as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan.

In any case Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission.

We have many non-Muslims --Hindus, Christians, and Parsis --but they are all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan.

Our foreign policy is one of friendliness and goodwill towards all the nations of the world. We do not cherish aggressive design against any country or nation.

Pakistan will never be found lacking in extending its material and moral support to the opposed and suppressed peoples of the world and in upholding the principles of the United Nations Charter.

Through our perseverance, labor and sacrifice we will make Pakistan into a great and powerful nation. Pakistan has come to stay and no power on earth can destroy it.

Broadcast talk to the people of the United States of America
on Pakistan recorded February, 1948

I am hopeful that good relations and friendship already existing between the peoples of America and Pakistan will be further strengthened and the bonds of friendship between our two countries will be more firmly riveted.

Reply to the speech made by the first Ambassador of the United States of America at the time of presenting Credentials to the Quaid-i-Azam,
on 26th February, 1948

Turkey has been in our thoughts constantly and has drawn our admiration for the velour of your people and the way in which your statesmen and leaders have struggled and fought almost single handed in the midst of Europe for your freedom and sovereignty which have been happily maintained.

Reply to the speech made by the first Turkish Ambassador to Pakistan at the time of presenting Credentials to the Quaid-i-Azam
on 4th March. 1948

So, now that Pakistan Red Cross Society has been established by us, it will, I hope, play its full and destined part in the service of humanity along with other bodies and organizations in the international field to afford all possible relief and help to the suffering and distressed people wherever possible.

Speech at the meeting of the Pakistan Red Cross Society held at the governor-general's House, Karachi
on 15th March, 1948

The martial spirit of Bengal is historically known, and especially the part the Muslims played in the history of the past Bengal.

Now, in free Pakistan which is going to be a great nation, one of the largest in the world, you have under sovereign, independent, free Pakistan, every opportunity to revise your martial spirit and show to the world what --Bengal can do.

Speech at the Ceremonial Army Parade at Kurmitolla Airport
on 20th March 1948

Our enemies had hoped to kill Pakistan at its inception. Pakistan has, on the contrary, arisen triumphant and stronger than ever. It has come to stay, and play its great role for which it is destined.

Let me at once assure you that my government attaches the greatest importance to these matters and is anxiously and constantly engaged in ensuring that Eastern Pakistan attains it full stature with the maximum of speed.

My young friends, I look forward to you as the real makers of Pakistan, do not be exploited and do not be misled. Create amongst yourselves complete unity and solidarity. Set an example of what youth can do. Your main occupation should be --in fairness to yourself, in fairness to your parents, in fairness to the State to devote your attention to your studies.

After you leave the portals of your universities and colleges taken you, can play your part freely and help yourself and the State.

So what is the use of saying "we are Bengalis, or Sindhis, or Pathans, or Punjabi". No, we are Muslims.

Islam has taught us this, and I think you will agree with me that whatever else you may be and whatever you are, you are a Muslim. You belong to a Nation now; you have now carved out a territory, vast territory, it is all yours; it does not belong to a Punjabi or a Sindhi, or a Pathan, or a Bengali; it is yours.

Therefore, if you want to build up yourself into a Nation, for God's sake give up this provincialism. Provincialism has been one of the curses; and so is sectionalism --Shia, Sunni, etc.

Therefore, so far as the State Language is concerned, Pakistani language shall be Urdu. But, as I have said, it will come in time.

I tell you once again, do not fall into the trap of those who are the enemies of Pakistan.

We are not going to tolerate sabotage anymore; we are not going to tolerate the enemies of Pakistan; we are not going to tolerate quislings and fifth-columnists in our State, and if this is not stopped, I am confident that your Government and the Pakistan Government will take the strongest measures and deal with them ruthlessly, because they are a poison.

Let me appeal to you to keep together, put up with inconveniences, sufferings and sacrifices, for the collective good of our people. No amount of troubles, no amount of hard work or sacrifice contribution for the collective good of your nation and your State. It is in that way, that you will build up Pakistan as the fifth largest State in the world, not only in population as it is but also in strength, so that it will command the respect of all the other nations of the world.

Speech at a public meeting attended by over three lakhs of people at Dhaka
on March 21, 1948

Whatever I am, and whatever I have been able to do, I have done it merely as a measure of duty which is incumbent upon every Mussalman to serve his people honestly and selflessly.

Freedom, however, does not mean license. It does not mean that you can now behave just as you please and do what you like, irrespective of the interests of other people or of the State.

It is easier to go to jail or fight for freedom than to run a Government.

There can, however, be only one lingua franca, that is, the language for intercommunication between the various provinces of the State, and that language, should be Urdu and cannot be any other.

The State language therefore, must obviously be Urdu, a language that has been nurtured by a hundred million Muslims of this sub-continent, a language understood throughout the length and breadth of Pakistan and above all a language which, more than any other provincial language, embodies the best that is in Islamic culture and Muslim tradition and is nearest to the language used in other Islamic countries. It is not without significance that Urdu has been driven out of the Indian Union and that even the official use of the Urdu script has been disallowed.

I assure you, "Divided you fall. United you stand".

There is no shame in doing manual work and labor. There is an immense scope in technical education for we want technically qualified people very badly.

Speech at the Dhaka University Convocation
on 24th March, 1948 (Recorded by Radio Pakistan, Dhaka)

You, therefore, have nothing to do with this party or that party. You are civil servants. Whichever gets the majority will form the Government and your duty is to serve that Government for the time being as servants not as politicians.

It is up to you now to act as true servants of the people even at the risk of any Minister or Ministry trying to interfere with you in the discharge of your duties as civil servants.

That of your conduct and dealings with the people in various Departments, in which you may be: wipe off that past reputation; you are not rulers. You do not belong to the ruling class; you belong to the servants.

Make the people feel that you are their servants and friends, maintain the highest standard of honor, integrity, justice and fair-play.

Let not people leave you with this bearing that you hate, that you are offensive, that you have insulted or that you are rude to them.

I thank you very much indeed that you have given me this opportunity to say these few words to you and if you find anything good in it follow, if you do not find anything good in it do not follow.

Address to the Gazetted Officers of Chittagong
on 25th March, 1948

Brotherhood, equality and fraternity of man -these are all the basic points of our religion, culture and civilization.

After all, the story of Pakistan, its struggle and its achievement is the story of great human ideals struggling to survive in the face of odds and difficulties.

If we can be fair and just to others there can be no doubt about being fair and just among ourselves.

Funds are no doubt necessary for development but at the same time national growth and regeneration does not depend on funds alone. It is human toil that makes for the prosperity of a people.

Speech at the Public Reception at Chittagong
on 26th March, 1948

They have perfect liberty to have by constitutional means any Government that they may chose. This cannot, however, mean that any group may now attempt by any unlawful methods to impose its will on the popularly elected Government of the day.

Pakistan is the embodiment of the unity of the Muslim nation and so it must remain.That unity we, as true Muslims, must jealously guard and preserve.

If we begin to think of ourselves as Bengalis, Punjabis, Sindhis etc. first and Muslims and Pakistanis only incidentally, then Pakistan is bound to disintegrate.

That is why I want you to be on your guard against this poison of provincialism that our enemies wish to inject into our State.

In the great task of building the nation and maintaining its solidarity women have a most valuable part to play, as the prime architects of the character of the youth that constitute its backbone, not merely in their own homes but by helping their less fortunate sisters outside in that great task.

Let it not be said that the women of Pakistan had lagged behind or failed in their duty.

Pakistan has a great future ahead of it. It is now for us to take the fullest advantage of what nature has so abundantly provided us with and builds up a glorious and mighty State.

Broadcast Speech from Radio Pakistan, Dhaka on 28th March, 1948

The very first budget presented by you must have caused a shock to those false prophets. It has already demonstrated the soundness of Pakistan's finances and the determination of its Government to make them more and more sound, and strong. Although it has meant the tightening of our belts, to a certain extent, but I am sure that the people of Pakistan will not mind making sacrifices in order to make our State in the near future really a strong and stable State.

I have no doubt in my mind about the bright future that awaits Pakistan when its vast resources of men and material are fully mobilized.

The road that we may have to travel may be somewhat uphill at present but with courage and determination we mean to achieve our objective, which is to build up and construct a strong and prosperous Pakistan.

Speech on the occasion of the presentation of New Pakistan Coins and Notes by the Finance Minister of Pakistan,
on 1st April, 1948

We in Pakistan have admired the high principles of democracy that form the basis of your Great State. The cry of liberty, fraternity and equality which was raised during your Great Revolution and officially adopted by your great Republic had its repercussions throughout the world as is known to every student of history.

Reply to the Speech made by the First Ambassador of the Republic of France to Pakistan at the time of presenting credentials to the Quaid-i-Azam
on 21st January, 1948

The duties required of you now are: develop a sound sense of discipline, character, initiative and a solid academic background.

You must devote yourself whole-heartedly to your studies, for that is your first obligation to yourselves, your parents and to the State.

You must learn to obey for only then you can learn to command.

Remember that your Government is like your own garden. Your garden flourishes by the way you look after it and the efforts that you put towards its improvement. Similarly, your Government can only flourish by your patriotic, honest and constructive efforts to improve it.

You must learn to distinguish between your love for your province and your love and duty to the State as a whole our duty to the State takes us a stage beyond provincialism.

Our duty to the State often demands that we must be ready to submerge our individual or provincial interests into the common cause for common good.

Remember we are building up a State which is going to play its full part in the destinies of the whole Islamic World. We therefore, need a wider outlook, an outlook which transcends the boundaries of provinces, limited nationalism, and racialism.

Remember, you must have patience. Rome was not built in a day. Time factor, therefore, is essential.

The success of our achievements will depend upon our unity, discipline and faith not only in ourselves but in God who determines the destinies of peoples and nations.

Reply to the Address presented by the Students of Islamia College, Peshawar
on 12th April, 1948

The first Pakistan Olympic Games should act as an incentive to all Pakistan nationals to emulate the Olympic Motto "Citius, Althius, Fortiusn" i.e. "Faster, Higher and stronger".

For sound minds we should have sound bodies and that is why nations the world over attach so much importance to boy-building and physical culture.

Message to the First Olympic Games
on 12th April 1948

There is no doubt that any country without a strong Air Force is at the mercy of any aggressor. Pakistan must build up her Air Force as quickly as possible.

It must be an efficient Air Force second to none and must take its right place with the Army and the Navy in securing Pakistan's defence.

Speech to the Royal Pakistan Air Force Station Risalpur
on 13th April, 1948

I would like to mention how pleased I am to see this formation which is fully equipped and trained to fight with up-to-date and modern instruments. This is indicative of a nation's fitness to take an equal place with other big nations of the world.

I have no doubt that you will always be prepared to take on any hazardous duty which you may be called upon to perform.

Address to Officers and men of 3rd Armoured Brigade, Risalpur
on 13th April, 1948

The Cavalry has always been the spearhead of the Army. This is no less true in these days of mechanisation than it was in the day of horses. To carry out their role, Cavalry must have the very best in Officers and men; whether they do in fact attain this level depends very largely on you.

Those of you, who are in the Staff of the Center, make up your minds that there is always room for improvement, and much depends upon your efforts.

Do not forget Espirit-DE- CORPS--pride in your Regiment, pride in the Corps as a whole, and pride in and devotion to your Country--Pakistan;Pakistan depends on you and puts her faith in you as defenders of your Country

Address to Officers and men of Pakistan Armoured Corps Center, Naushera
on 13th April, 1948

The first thing that I want to tell you is this, that you should not be influenced by any political pressure, by any political party or individual politician.

If you want to raise the prestige and greatness of Pakistan, you must not fall a victim to any pressure.

Service is the backbone of the State.

Governments are formed, Government is defeated, Prime Ministers come and go, Ministers come and go, but you stay on, and, therefore, there is a very great responsibility placed on your shoulders.

whoever happens to be the Prime Minister or Minister coming into power in the ordinary constitutional course, your duty is not only to serve that government loyally and faithfully, but, at the same time, fearlessly, maintaining your high reputation, your prestige, your honour and the integrity of your service.

And not merely should justice be done but people should feel that justice has been doneto them.

Informal talk to Civil Officers at Government House, Peshawar
on 14th April, 1948

Whatever I have done, I did as a servant of Islam, and only tried to perform my duty and made every possible contribution within my power to help our nation.

We Mussalmans believe in one God, one book--the Holy Quran--and one Prophet. So we must stand united as one Nation. You know the old saying that in unity lies strength united we stand, divided we fall.

We are endeavoring to the utmost of our capacity, with special care for Baluchistan and the Frontier Province, and you will not be neglected in.

Address to the Tribal Jirga at Government House, Peshawar
on 17th April, 1948

But a Regiment has much more to do than be in the firing lines of the battlefield, and you have, I hope, more years of peace than war before you.

Address at the Presentation of Colours to the 2/15th Punjab Machine Gun Regiment, Peshawar,
on I5th April, 1948

I entirely agree that instead of turning mere clerks and Government servants, your College is now offering suitable subjects for students, which would enable them to take their places in commerce, trade, industry, banking and insurance business.

It should be the aim of our Colleges to produce first class experts in Agriculture, Zoology, Engineering, Medicine and other specialised subjects.

Praise your government when it deserves, Criticize your government fearlessly when it deserves, but, do not go on all the time attacking, including in destructive criticism, taking delight in running down the Ministry or the Officials.

Reply to the Address of Welcome Presented by the Principal, Staff and Students of the Edwards College, Peshawar
on l8th April, 1948

None can now doubt, in your words, Mr. Chairman that a new Power was born among the nations of the world on August 14, 1947.

Government will seek to create conditions in which industry and trade may develop and prosper by undertaking surveys of Pakistan's considerable resources of minerals, schemes for the development of country's water and power resources plans for the improvement of transport services and the establishment of the ports and an Industrial Finance Corporation.

The end of the period of "Standstill" and the consequent entry of India and Pakistan into normal international relations should advance and give precision to the movement of trade.

Commerce and Trade are the very lifeblood of the nation. I can no more visualise a Pakistan without traders than I can one without cultivators or civil servants.

I have no doubt that in Pakistan, traders and merchants will always be welcome and that they, in building up their own fortunes, will not forget their social responsibility for a fair and square deal to one and all, big and small.

Commerce, Gentlemen, is more international than culture and it behaves you to behave in such a way that the power and prestige of Pakistan gain added strength from every act of yours.

I have no doubt the Commerce of Pakistan would be an effective instrument in the establishment and maintenance of high standards of business integrity and practice.

I would like Pakistan to become a synonym and hallmark for standard and quality in the market places of the world.

Reply to the Address presented by the Karachi Chamber of Commerce
on 27th April 1948

With such powerful bonds already in our favour we cannot, I feel, fail to bring the people of our two countries closer towards each other closer than they were before the birth of Pakistan.

Reply to the Speech made by His Excellency the Ambassador of Afghanistan at the time of presenting Credentials
on 8th May, 1948

The success of our people in all walks of life depends upon the cultivation of "Sound Minds" the natural concomitant to "Sound Bodies".

My message to you is: build up physical strength not for aggression, not for militarism, but for becoming fighting fit, all your life and all the time in every walk of life of your nation wherever you be and always to be a force for peace, international amity and goodwill.

Remember to win is nothing, it is the effort and the spirit behind the effort that count.

Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the First Pakistan Olympic Games at Karachi
on 22nd April, 1948

I think there is a great future for Baluchistan's development of its mineral wealth, agricultural resources, water supply, communication etc.

it is the policy of my Government and myself that every member of every community irrespective of caste, colour, creed or race shall be fully protected with regard to his life, property and honour and that there should-be peace in Pakistan and law and order should be maintained at-any cost.

Reply to the Address presented by a Deputation of the members of the Quetta Parsi Community
on 13th June, 1948

The Defence Forces are the most vital of all Pakistan Service and correspondingly a very heavy responsibility and burden lies on your shoulders.

If you all continue in that spirit and work as comrades, as true Pakistanis selflessly, Pakistan has nothing to fear.

An oath is only a matter of form; what are more important are the true spirit and the heart.

Address to the Officers of the Staff College, Quetta
14th June, 1948

While the municipality should play its part, private enterprise is necessary, so that Quetta may be as great a civil station as a cantonment and the more you improve it the more attractive it will become.

For a large part of Western Pakistan it will be the natural summer resort and draw larger and larger number of visitors, which will not only be additional source of revenue but also will bring and establish contact with other parts of Western Pakistan.

It naturally pains me to find the curse of provincialism holding sway over any section of Pakistan.

Baluchistan is the land of brave independent people and to you, therefore, national freedom, honour, and strength should have a special meaning.

We are now all Pakistanis--not Baluchis, Pathans, Sindhis, Bengalis, Punjabis and so on--and as Pakistanis we must feet behave and act, and we should be proud to be known as Pakistanis and nothing else.

If individuals both officials and non-officials play their part thus and work in this spirit, the Government, the Nation and the State will immediately bear their stamp, and Pakistan will emerge triumphantly as one of the greatest nations of the world.

As you all know I am especially interested in Baluchistan because it is my special responsibility. I want to see it play as full a part in the affairs of Pakistan as any other province.

Reply to the Civic Address presented by the Quetta Municipality
on I5th June, 1948

The policy of the Pakistan Government is to stabilise prices at a level that would be fair to the producer, as well as to the consumer.

I shall watch with keenness the work of your Research Organisation in evolving banking practices compatible with Islamic ideals of social and economic life.

We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice. We will thereby be fulfilling our mission as Muslims and giving to humanity the message of peace which alone can save it and secure the welfare, happiness and prosperity of mankind.

Speech on the occasion of the opening of the State Bank of Pakistan
on 1st July, 1948

We can look to the future with robust confidence provided we do not relax and fritter away our energies in internal dissension. There never was greater need for discipline and unity in our ranks.

It is only with united effort and faith in our destiny that we shall be able to translate the Pakistan of our dreams into reality.

Why was fasting enjoined upon Muslims if it were not to teach them discipline and orderliness? These are the virtues to cultivate and in that lies your salvation and that of the nation.

The drama of power politics that is being staged in Palestine, Indonesia and Kashmir should serve an eye opener to us. It is only by putting up a united front that we can make our voice felt in the counsels of the world.

Every Mussalman should serve Pakistan honestly, sincerely and selflessly.

Message to the Nation on the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr
on 27th August, 1948

Remember, that the establishment of Pakistan is a fact of which there is no parallel in the history of the world. It is one of the largest Muslim States in the world, and it is destined to play its magnificent part year after year, as we go on, provided we serve Pakistan honestly, earnestly and selflessly.

I have full faith in my people that they will rise to every occasion worthy of our past Islamic history, glory and traditions.

Nature has given you everything: you have got unlimited resources. The foundations of your State have been laid, and it is now for you to build, and build as quickly and as well as you can. So go ahead and I wish you God speed.

Message to the Nation on the occasion of the first Anniversary of Pakistan
on 14th August, 1948


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