Timeline

This is the timeline of life events of Quaid-i-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. ‘Quaid-i-Azam’ a term taken from Persian, means The Great Leader. The term began to be used for M. Ali Jinnah in his life time. He was born in the last quarter of 19th century in British India. The political and economic conditions of Indians in general and Muslims in particular were deplorable. Keeping this socio-economic background in mind, we can appreciate the real importance of his various life events e.g., journey to London in teenage, higher education, choosing law as a career, participating in politics, emerging as the sole Muslim Leader of Indian Muslim, and achieving his goal of establishing a sovereign homeland for Muslims - Pakistan.

1870's

25th December 1876
Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah was born to Jinnah bhai Poonja and Methibai Jinnah on 25th December 1876. The young Jinnah spent childhood at Wazir Mansion, Karachi.

1890's

February 1892
Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah first wedding with Emi bai. She was Jinnah’s first cousin. She died soon after he sailed off to England for higher education.
June 1893
Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah joined Lincoln’s Inn to study Law.
August 24, 1896 -
He was enrolled as a barrister in Bombays' high court.

1900's

1904
Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah started political career by attending Indian National Congress 20th Session in Bombay.
1905
Partition of Bengal-This was a historic moment in Indian politics which led to the foundation of All India Muslim League in 1906..

1910's

December 1916
Lucknow pact between All India Muslim League and Congress. They unanimously agreed the reforms schemes particularly the need for self-government for India. Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was the principal architect of the pact.
19th April 1918
Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah married Ruttie at Jinnah House in Bombay. The couple separated on 20th February, 1929. They had a daughter, Dina Wadia.
November 1919
The Khilafat Movement began in the wake of Ottoman’s Empire defeat in the First World War. Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah criticized British Government on partitioning of Turkey but didn’t agreed on Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement.

1920's

20th March, 1927
Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah presided a meeting of Muslim Leaders in Delhi and proposed some suggestions. These proposals were called “Delhi-Muslims Proposals”.
3rd February 1928
The Simon Commission arrives India. The commission had no Indian member. Congress condemned the Simon Commission, while all India Muslim League divided into Jinnah and Shafi Groups. The Shafi group supported the Simon Commission.
28-30 August 1928
Nehru Report proposed a new dominion status constitution for India. This proposal is called ‘Nehru Report’.
March 28,1929
Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah presented the famous 14 points to counter the Nehru Report.

1930's

1930
First Round Table Conference held in London to discuss the political situation in India.
29th December 1930
Allama Mohammad Iqbal delivered the famous speech at Allahabad proposing a separate Muslim State. Allama (Great Scholar) Mohammad Iqbal is the national poet of Pakistan.
January 1931
Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah took residence in London for 4 years. He was disappointed by the attitude of the British and the Hindus at the round table conferences.
1933
Chaudhry Rehmat Ali coined the name ‘Pakistan’ for a separate Muslim State in a pamphlet ‘Now or Never.’
October 3rd 1937
Lucknow Session; All India Muslim League Session held in Lucknow as Quaid-i-Azam began reorganizing the party.
23rd March 1940
Historic “Pakistan Resolution” passed at All India Muslim League’s Lahore Session. The resolution is also called ‘The Lahore Resolution.’

1940's

1942
Cripps Mission arrives India to announce the proposal of creating a new Indian Union Dominion. Both Muslim League and Congress rejected the proposal.
1944 -
Jinnah-Gandhi Talks held in Bombay to discuss political solutions for Hindu-Muslim Unity. The negotiation failed to achieve its goal.
25th June 1945 –Simla Conference -
Viceroy met various political leaders of India at Simla.
1946
Cabinet Mission arrived India on 23rd March and left on 29th June, 1946. The purpose of the Mission was, "to get machinery set up for framing the constitutional structure in which the Indians will have full control of their destiny and the formation of a new interim government.“
16 August, 1946
Direct Action Day – Muslims protest against the British Government’s proposal of Interim Government that denied the principal of parity.In Calcutta, during the period of 16-19 August were 4,000 dead and 10,000 were reported injured in what is known as the Great Calcutta Killings.
March 22, 1947
Lord Mountbatten along with Lady Mountbatten arrives India as the last viceroy of Britain.
3rd June 1947
The plan of transfer of power and creation of Pakistan was announced on June 3, 1947. Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah announced the plan from All India Radio, Delhi.
14th August 1947
Pakistan came into being as a sovereign independent state for Muslim of sub-continent. Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah takes oath as the first Governor General of Pakistan.
1947 – 1948
Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah takes charge as the first Governor General of Pakistan. Despite his deteriorating health, he visited various cities in all provinces on different occasions. He was diagnosed with Tuberculosis in 1930’s.
6th July 1948
Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah resided at a hill station – Ziarat, Baluchistan on advice of doctors. He resided there till 11th September, 1948. He was flown to Karachi on 11th September 1948 afternoon.
11th September 1948
Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah died at his home in Karachi the same day he was flown from to Ziarat (Wolpert Stanely, 1984: Jinnah of Pakistan). He was buried the next day.
12th September 1948
Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah was buried after funeral congregation of around one million people. Famous Islamic Scholar, Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani led the funeral prayers.


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